Top 10 Fascinating Medieval Artifacts

4 Three-Person Toilet

Top 10 Fascinating Medieval Artifacts

Although a toilet might not seem unusual, there is one from the 12th century that does. A huge oak plank was chopped into three places with an axe around 900 years ago. Then, this three-person toilet seat was put over a cesspool close to the Thames. It formerly stood behind—and most likely served—a structure that was situated at what is now known as Ludgate Hill.

Some of the names of the residents and employees of the structure, which housed both residences and businesses, were discovered by researchers. One of the names was Cassandra de Flete and her capmaker husband John.

When the restroom was in use, the structure itself was referred to as Helle. The seat, which was found in the 1980s, was chosen by daring scientists. The axe-hewn holes were cozy, but there was a problem with personal space. Three persons might have sat shoulder to shoulder in the holes because they were so close together.

3 Lost Govan Stones

Top 10 Fascinating Medieval Artifacts

In the Kingdom of Strathclyde, gravestones were carved between the tenth and eleventh century. In the absence of Scotland, the latter was one of numerous powers that competed for dominance over the British Isles.

The stones were enormous and exquisitely adorned. The Govan Stones, 46 artifacts that were discovered in Glasgow in the 19th century, gained notoriety. 31 were eventually moved to the Govan Old Parish Church. Included in this was a stone-carved tomb that allegedly contained the remains of a saint-king by the name of Constantine.

The remainder remained on display against a graveyard wall for years, but they disappeared when a neighboring shipyard was destroyed. For more than 40 years, historians worried that the priceless stones had been lost or stolen.

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Experts and volunteers joined together in 2019 for an archaeological excavation to look for the missing burial markers. A 14-year-old student found gold. He discovered a Govan Stone while excavating close to the Govan Parish Church. Two more were eventually discovered as a result of a more thorough search. The finding raises some optimism for the eventual appearance of the remaining lost statues.

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